Iran-Kermanshah city-Bistun world heritage

Introducing Kermanshah City

Kermanshah city is capital of Kermanshah province. Kermanshah province located 500 kmfar from Tehran city inwest of Iran,in border of Iraq .
Climate and geography
Kermanshah Province, having fallen between two cold and warm regions, enjoys moderate climate. The climate at north and the center of the province is cold in winter at north and center and warm at the west. Zagros Mountain Range
with very lofty summits continues to Kermanshah region.
History
remains in The Province is rich with Paleolithic Bistun. The first remains of Neanderthal man in lran were discovered in Bistun Cave. Do Ashkaft,Kobeh, Warwasi, and Mar Tarik are some of the Middle Paleolithic sites in the region. Kermanshah has many Neolithic sites as well of Ganj Dareh,Sarab, and Asiab are famous.At Ganj Dareh, the earliest  evidenc of tamed goats has been discovered. In May 2009, the oldest prehistoric village in Middle East in 9800 BC was unearthed in Sahneh, west of Kermanshah city. The monuments in Kermanshah represent two glorious periods: The Achaemanid Period and the Sassanid Period. The mythological king of the Pishdadian Dynasty is said to have founded Kermanshah .Others say Kermanshah was constructed by Bahram  IV of Sassanid  Dynasty during the 4th century AD.
The Kermanshah City
Th city Given its antiquity, attractive landscape and rich culture, Kermanshah is considered as a cradle of prehistoric cultures. Archaeological excavations have revealed that prehistoric people from Paleolithic until Neolithic periods have lived in Kermanshah city. The Lower Paleolithic relief consists of hand made axes found in Gakia village.The Middle Paleolithic remains are located north of the city at Tang-e Kenesht near Taqwasan. Neanderthal man lived in Kermanshah city during this period. Among Paleolithic caves in this area one can refer to Warwasi, Qobeh, Malaverd and Do-Ashkaft caves. Kermanshah was the first region in which human settlements began in Asia in Tappeh Sarab, a Jani, and Ganj Qazanchi Darreh, 8000 to 10000 years ago. This is about the same time that the first Iranian clay pots were fabricated in Ganj-Darreh near Harsin. Ganj-Darreh near Shanheh is one of the oldest prehistoric sites in the Middle East dating back to 9800 BC.
According to an ancient lranian legend Kermanshah city was built by Tahmoures Divband (Tahmoures the Enslaver of Demons). Tahmoures was a legendary king of Pishdadian Dynasty. Others say the Sassanians constructed the city and Bahram IV known as Kermanshah, gave his name to the city. It was a glorious city during the Sassanid Period around 4th century AD and was the second capital of the Empire.
Kermanshah was conquered by the Arabs in AD 640. It was a major cultural and commercial hub west of Iran under Seljuk rule in the eleventh century. The Safavid kings fortified the town and the Qajars repulsed an attack by the ottomans during Fathali Shah’s reign (1791-1834), Kermanshah was occupied by Ottomans between 1723-1729 and It was again occupied by the Ottomans army in 1915 during World War I and evacuated in 1917. The city was badly damaged during the Iran and Iraq war.
Ho to go Kermanshah City
Airport -Ashrafi Esfahani, the International Airport will use as the most important airport in west of the country. This airport is near to the Imam Square (airport square).
Bus and road
Shahid Kaviani Terminal, is the entrance gate of Kermanshah city from the east side and traveles from the road of Tehran end up in this terminal.
Rahe KarbalaThe way to Karbala Terminal (Rahe Karbala), is the entrance gate of the city from west side and travelers from Baghdad and Erbil end up in this terminal.

By train
A new railway is planned linking Tehran to Baghdad (Iraq) via Kermanshah and Qasr-e-Shirin, but construction will probably take years.

Tourist Attractions
kemanshah Bazaar, Khaje Barookh Mansion agros paleothilic Museum, Bostan Rock Museum,Kermanshah Museum of Anthropology, Dress and Jewelry Museum Shazdeh’s Mosque, Sar-e Qabr-e Aqa Tomb, Maryam Fort, Mahidasht Inn,Dolatshah Mosque, several bridges, caves, churches,Taq-e Bostan Jungle Park and Marvanjeh Wildlife Resort are important places to see in Kermanshah city.During the Qajar Dynasty (1794 to 1925),Kermanshah Bazaar, Mosques and tekiyes such as Kermanshah Bazaar, Mosques and tekiyes such as Moavenalmolk Mosque and beautiful houses such as haja Barookh’s House were constructed. Tekiye Moavenalmolk is an exceptional monument because has many pictures from the Shahnameh painted the walls as well as religious pictures. Khaja Brookh’s in the old district of Faizabad,ewish neighborhood of Kermanshah. It was built by a Barookh, a Jewish merchant during the Qajar Period.Surrounding the interior yard rooms, brick pillars, porches and a decorated ladder Mount Peraw is covered by snow nearly all the year and has been an icy mountain for thousands of years. Mount Peraw, Bistun Cave and Kesht Cave belong to age. Many springs gush from the foot of this mountain .Peraw Aquatic Cave is the one of the biggest
and most famous caves in the world. Qaresoo Abshooran and Cheshmbashir rivers, Tag-e Bostan Lake and Khezr-e Elias and Niloofar mirages have greatly beautified the city.

TAQ E Bostan
The rock reliefs at Taq-e Bostan lie four miles northeast of Kermanshah, where a spring gushes from amountain cliff and empties into a large pool. The town was build during the Sassanid Period (224-652 AD and is one of the important monuments of Kermanshah.The engravings form three compartments, two rooms dose to each other dug in the mountain, and a tablet
in Pahlavi script near Naqsh-eRustam showing the reliefs of Shapur ll and Ill.An over sized depiction of Sassanid Khosrow Parviz (591-628 AD) seems to show him mounted on his favorite horse, Shabdiz. Both the horse and the rider are arrayed in full battle armor There are two hunting scenes on the sides of the portico one of portico depicting imperial boar hunting and the other showing the king stalking towards a gazelle. Elephants flush out the boar from a marshy lake for the king who stands poised to shoot with bow and arrow in hand while he is serenaded by female musicians, following him in other boats. These royal hunting scenes are narrative murals in stone and are counted among the most vivid Iranian rock reliefs.
Taq e Bostan reliefs are not limited to the Sassanid An upper relief depicts the son of the 19th Yoajar king Fathali Shah holding his court

Bistun world heritage
Bistun historical complextis complete gathering of Iranian history. Bistun monument, Hercules statue,Sarab Bistun, Bistun Cave, Bistun Median temple, Bistun Bridge, Black Bistun several bridges,caves and inns are worthy of inspection in Bistun. After Persepolis, Takhte Soleyman, Chogha zanbil ,Naqsh-e Jahan,Bam and Pasargadae , the engravings on Mount Bistun is the most important historical monument which have been registered by UNESCO. To these one must Eshaqvand and Shamsabad Dakhmehs, Ganidareh Tappeh, several forts, Shirin’s Palace, A Sassanid parapet, Khosrow’s Bridge, Shapur’s Palace and other Sassanid buildings.Sarab Bistun, Hunter’s Cave, Miraftab and Cheshmeh Sarab caves, and Harsin hot water spring are other attractions in this area.
Darius the Great’s inscription at Bistun, dating backs to 522 BC, lies at an elevation of 1300 m and is counted as a most famous site in Near Eastern archeology. Bistun rock inscriptions had been written in Old Persian cuneiform as well as llamite and Akkadian languages. The relief above the inscription shows Darius facing nine rebels who objected to his crowning. The king’s has laid his foot over Gaumata the usurper who was a Median. Bistun is also notable for three reliefs at the foot of the hill dating back to the Parthian period. Among them a Hellenic inscription offers divine rank to Bahram like the Greek hero Hercules. He reclines with a goblet in his hand, a club at his feet and a lion-skin beneath him.
Farhad Tarash (which means carved by Farhad the lover in Persian)an inscribed wall on Bistun  is Mountain which has not any text or drawings on it and is still an archaeological mystery. It is 180 meters long and 33 meters high. No other mountain in Iran has been carved so extensively.

People and culture
Kermanshah is known as the land of eternal lovers: Shirin and Farhad. This is the land of zealous Kurds who are ready to lay down their lives for the sake of their homeland and religion.

Souvenirs Pastry, rice loaves or koloocheh, date bread,Kermanshahi animal oil, tambourine, traditional musical instruments, rugs and mats, gelim and cotton shoes can be bought as souvenir from

Hotels in Kermanshah City
In Kermanshah, two stars to five stars hotels are located in different parts of the city that base on your necessity you can reserve them before.
Sina two stars hotel located in the western part of the Kermanshah City, has the lowest price among hotels. The distance from hotel to the airport is about 30 minutes by car.
Parsian five stars hotel could be an amazing choice for you. This hotel has perfect facilities like swimming pool, sports salon, coffee shop and restaurant. The distance from hotel to the airport is just 5 minutes and going to the traditional bazaar of Kermanshah will take ten minutes. Also hotel is near the historic and amusement area of Tagh Bostan and Koohestan Park, and in fluent traffic it takes 15 minutes by car.
Jamshid four stars hotel is located at the end of Tagh Bostan Boulevard. In terms of fast accessibility to Tagh Bostan and Koohestan Park, it would be a good choice. The distance from hotel to the city center and bazaar by car will be 30 to 40 minutes.
Restaurants in Kermanshah City
Restaurant of  Jamshid Hotel in Kermanshah is open in first floor with 200 persons capacity: 7 to 10 breakfast, 12 to 14:30 lunch, 18 to 22 dinner.If you travel to Kermanshah and don’t eat “Dandeh Kebab” your trip is unfinished. The restaurant that Dandeh kebab of it, is famous for all.
Tabarestan restaurant If the atmosphere and situation of restaurant, beside eating the meal is specially important and if you desire to hear local music during having food, Tabarestan restaurant is our advice for you. This traditional restaurant with local music and qualified foods is ready for catering you dears.
Address: Kermanshah, 22 Bahman, Ale Agha street, beside Mohebbi swimming pool

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