If you are interested in travel to Iran,we recommended you visit most popular mausoleums in Iran.
Graves and mausoleums are one of the oldest monuments in all parts of the world and we can see them in different cultures and different areas of the world. One of the most graves categories in Iran is holy shrines or mausoleum of imams (religious leaders of shia), philosophers, poets , kings . The architecture and decoration of these mausoleums have direct relation with the title and rank of the deceased person. Ordinary people have simple graves and important people of the society have mausoleum which indicates their ranks and importance.
The beliefs , the custom and culture of society has major role in the architecture and decoration of these mausoleums. The Tombs and mausoleums are the second largest number of monuments in Iran after mosques.The mausoleums have three different architecture one with circular plan , second with Square plan and third with polygon shape. They are built either in tower shape or one story building.In this article,we introduce most popular mausoleums in Iran.
most popular mausoleums in Iran – number 1
Mausoleum of Ferdowsi
The Mausoleum of Ferdowsi, the great epic poet of Iran who wrote the legendary book Shahnameh (the book of Kings), lies in Tus,18 km away from Mashhad. The tomb of the poet is covered by a white slab with fine engravings.Scenes and verses from the Shahnameh are written and painted at the basement. A museum beside the poet’s mausoleum shows different types of ancient weapons, earthenware, bronze ware,paintings and rugs.An ancient site which is said to be Tus ancient city is just beside the tomb.
most popular mausoleums in Iran – number 2
Mausoleum of Hafez -Hafezieh
Tomb of Hafez (Hafiz) was built by the governor of Fars in the year 1452 after the poet’s death. The mausoleum lies north of Shiraz city 990 km far from Tehran city. Opposite the tomb covered by a lovely copula there is a big pond fed by the Roknabad River. The tomb has been repaired repeatedly in the course of centuries. In 1936 the existing building was constructed by Goddard, a French architect, in which he imitated the Zand style.Hafezieh is one of the most visiting sites in Iran, in which people gather everyday afternoon to read poems, walk, rest and enjoy the atmosphere. In Nowruz, Hafezieh is one of the most crowded places all over the country.Read more about Hafez ,Here.
most popular mausoleums in Iran – number 3
mausoleum of Sa’adi -Saadieh
Sa’adi’s mausoleum was built in the poet’s monastery in Shiraz city 990 km far from Tehran city. In the 13th century a tombstone was laid over Sa’adi’s remains, but in 1590 the poet’s monastery was destroyed. In 1773 upon the instruction of Karim Khan a structure was raised over the poet’s tomb which stayed until 1948. Two years later Mohsen Forughi, the famous architect of the Iran National Heritage organization designed new building to replace the older one in which he imitated Isfahan’s Chehel Sotoun and a mixture of and modern styles traditional in which he spent his last years and was buried.Read more about Sa’adi, Here.
most popular mausoleums in Iran – number 4
Mausoleum of Avicenna
The Mausoleum of Avicenna, the most famous Iranian physician who lived during the 10th century,is lying in Hamadan. When the doctor was returning to Hamadan he died in Isfahan but his body was transferred to Hamadan and was buried there.Recently a new structure was raised similar to Gonbad-e Qabus over his tomb but instead of 10 gaps there are 12 gaps over the circular dome,pointing to 12 branches of sciences the sage had mastered. 20 elegant poems are engraved from Avicenna on four marble slabs in Sols script in the vault.The mausoleum contains a hall and a museum in which metal objects,handicraft and rug are displayed.
most popular mausoleums in Iran – number 5
Mausoleum of Omar Khayyam
The Mausoleum of Omar Khayyam,a mathematician, astronomer, and poet, Author of Rubaaiyat and known as Persian philosopher,he became established as one of the major mathematicians and astronomers of the Islamic Golden Age.His Mausoleum lies 5km east of Nishapur.He is buried in a beautiful Persian Garden, with a museum, bookshop, caffe and accommodations inside the garden.
most popular mausoleums in Iran – number 6
Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great
The tomb of Cyrus the Great was formerly a royal garden and was built by Cyrus himself Thanks to meticulous calculations the simple monument has survived after 25 centuries nearly intact. The building covers an area of 156 m2 with a height of 11 m. The white alabaster slabs are carefully laid over each other without any mortar, bounded by metal and lead clamps only. The seven story mausoleum is divided into a platform-like staircase serving as the foundation of the mausoleum and the tomb chamber with a sloppy roof.
most popular mausoleums in Iran – number 7
Mausoleum of Attar
Mausoleum of Attar in Nishapur has been built with Iranian architectural style in a lovely garden and his tombstone is delicately adorned.Attar was a poet of the Seljuk dynasty and one of the greatest mystic literary figures in Iran.His works were mostly inspired by Mowlavi and other mystic Iranian poets.
Mantiq al-Tayr, Mokhtar-Nama, Mosibat-Nama and Elahi-Nama are among his better-known works.Mantiq al-Tayr (The Conference of the Birds) is known as an incontestable masterpiece in Persian literature and has been translated into many languages.
most popular mausoleums in Iran – number 8
Mausoleum of Baba Taher
The Mausoleum of Baba Taher, the famous poet of Iran of 11th century, is a square building 10×10 m in diameter. It has been made of several prisms inside of which there are doors and apertures for light. The vault has been strengthened by concrete. 24 quatrains from the poet have are engraved on 24 the lower parts of the marble columns inside the mausoleum. People gather in this place to read poems and play music on Friday morning. Qorban Tower is another in Hamadan which was built during the seventh A.H.